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THE RECORDS - EDISON DIAMOND DISCS

RECORD CONDITION CODES
c5 - mint, no scratches, rarely played
c4 - excellent, few if any scatches 
c3 - reasonable, normal wear as expected
c2 - poor, but playable
c1 - badly worn, many scratches, maybe damaged (indicated)
Also: 
s - scanned label, most likely illustrated in specific label section. 
 

EDISON DIAMOND DISC
‘Heavy duty' one quarter inch thick 9 3/4 inch discs, played at 80 rpm. They were made of a a plastic called ‘Condensite' which, it was claimed, was resistant to warping. Recording was with the ‘hill and dale' process. 
You will note that some discs do not record the artists name - see E002, E006, E008 for example. It appears that because of ‘bitter competition' between the recording companies, where contracts were prevelent, Edison was cautious not to enter into any litigation. He wrote the following memo to the Phonograph Managment Committee, "We put no names on the disc.On the other hand in our catalog we only give names to tunes that are especially good and which I myself will indicate. All common or indifferent records will give no names anywhere. I have excellent reasons for doing this which the Committee hasn't caught on to."

For illustrations of the label types, see Labels page. 

EDISON. LABEL TYPE (A)
Label details are etched directly into the ‘wax'. This makes the item details hard to read - need to angle the record into the light. On the left of the spindle hole, shows a photographic portrait of Thomas Edison (either that or its Wallace Berry as Pancho Villa!!), which is seen as a negative when viewed at an angle. Edison's signature is on the right of the spindle hole, above the words, ‘A Product of the Edison Laboratories'. There is a catalog number below the word EDISON below the spindle hole.  There are three dimples equidistant on the perimeter of the label. 

EDISON. LABEL TYPE (B).
Label details are etched directly into the ‘wax'.This makes the item details hard to read - need to angle the record into the light. Shows a photographic portrait of Thomas Edison, but differs from Label Type A in that Edison is better groomed and dressed and is presented within a shield border. On the right of the spindle hole is another shiled with the wiords, ‘This patented record is sold by Thomas A. Edison Inc., Orange, N.J., subject to restrictions printed on container in which it is put out by this Company'. Thomas Edison's signature is now below the word EDISON below the spindle hole. Surpisingly, there is no record (catalog) number on the label, nor matrix (recorded) number although there is a number hand written, etched or stamped, just outside on the edge of the label. On one item, a small ‘A7' was etched on the label on just the one side, under Edison's signature - probably a catalog number; also, number 80803 stamped into the outer rim and indentation filled in white. There are three dimples equidistant on the perimeter of the label.

EDISON RE-CREATION.  LABEL TYPE (C).
Label is paper, black text on white, with part white text and motif on black. At least these could be read easily.
The image of Edison is a drawing, and as for the Type A photo, appears that his head and shoulders are coming out of a cooking pot. This is now on the right of the spindle hole. On the left of the spindle hole is Edison's signature above the words, ‘A Product of the Edison Laboratories'. On the lower perimeter of a circle is ‘Price $1.00 in the U.S.A.' On the outer label rim, at the top, is the text ‘INDEX No.' wiith space for a number. Caralog number iss just below the spindle hole - and is suffixed with an ‘L' or ‘R'. Could this mean ‘left' and ‘right', and if so for what purpose. There is a recording number on the bottom outer rim of the label.   There are no dimples in the label area as for Types A and B. There is a red five-pointed star overprinted on some labels. 

EDISON RECORD. LABEL TYPE (D)
Identical to Type C except that the label is ‘headed' EDISON RECORD, and the price has been removed from the label and replaced with ‘Made in U.S.A'. 

EDISON RECORD. LABEL TYPE (E)
Identical to Type D, except that there is no text where ‘Made in U.S.A.' was located.
 

E001 c3 EDISON - TYPE (A)
80603-L (6334).  LITTLE MOTHER OF MINE (H.T.Burleigh).  Thomas Chalmers. Baritone with Orchestra.
80603-R (5978) MY DREAMS (Tosti). Ralph Errolle. Tenor with Orchestra.

E002 c3 EDISON - TYPE (B)
2522-B-12-6. A PERFECT DAY (Carrie Jacobs, Bond). Mixed voices with Orchestra. Metropolitan Quartet.
2455-B-11-19. SOMEWHERE A VOICE IS CALLING (Arthur F. Tate)
Soprano and Baritone With Orchestra . Elizabeth Spencer and Vernon Archibald.

E003 sc3 EDISON RE-CREATION - TYPE (C) 
51027-L (8521) FIFTH NOCTURNE (J.Leybach). Piano Solo, Victor Young.
51027-R (8520) VALSE CAPRICE (R.A.Newland). Ibid.

E004 sc3 EDISON RECORD - TYPE (D). 
51770-L (11018) WHEN THE RED, RED ROBIN COMES BOB, BOB, BOBBIN' ALONG (Harry Woods)
Frank Braidwod (The Cowboy Baritone). Irwin Dash at the Piano.
51770-R (11017) IT'S TOO LATEE TO BE SORRY NOW (Joe Verges, Henri Therrian & Irwin LaClaire.) Ibid.

E005 c3 EDISON RECORD - TYPE (D)
51322-L (9423).  WHAT DOES THE PUSSY CAT MEAN WHEN SHE SAYS ‘ME-OW'? (Harry Pease, N.T.Granlund, Ed. G.Nelson).  Tenor and Baritone. Billy Jones and Ernest Hare.
51322-R (9415). ME NO SPEAK-A GOOD ENGLISH (Harry Pease, Ed. G. Nelson, Moe Schenck). Ibid.

E006 c3 EDISON  - TYPE (A)
50525-L (6631-C-13). BRING BACK THOSE WONDERFUL DAYS (Nat Vincent). 
Baritone with Orchestra. Arthur Fields.
50525-R (6607-C-115).  JOHNNY'S IN TOWN (Jack Yellen). Baritone and chorus with Orchestra. Arthur Fields.

E007 c3 EDISON RECORD - TYPE (E)
51362-l (9575).  I'LL KEEP ON DREAMING (Until My Dreams All Come True) ( Ernest Cutting, Harry Archer)
Fox Trot and Song
Fox Trot by the Merry Sparklers. Song by George Wilton Smith.
51362-R (9581) YOU'LL NEVER GET TO HEAVEN WITH THOSE EYES.  (James V.Monaco) 
Fox Trot and Song. Fox Trot by Atlantic Dance Orchestra. Song by Billy Jones.

E008 c4 EDISON RE-CREATION  - TYPE (C)
82258-L (5547).  PILGRIM'S SPNG (P.Tschaikowsky).  Bass with Orchestra. Henri Scott.
82258-R (8040) AVE MARIA (Schubert)
Soprano Solo. Marie Rappolo. Violin Obbligato by Albert Spalding. Pianoforte by Robert Gayler.

E009 c3 EDISON RECORD  - TYPE (D)
51339-L (9456).  SAXARELLA (Rudy Wiedoeft).  Saxophone Solo by Rudy Wiedoeft.
51339-R (9455) VALSE VANITE (Rudy Wiedoeft).  Ibid.

E010 c3 EDISON RECORD - TYPE (D)
51506-L.  ROSE MARIE (Otto Harbach, Oscra Hammerstein II, Rudolf Frimi).  From ‘Rose Marie'.
Tenor. Walter Scanlan. 
51506-R.  ALL ALONE (Irving Berlin). Ibid.

E011 c3 EDISON RECORD - TYPE (D)
51457-L.  TELL HER IN THE SPRINGTIME (Irving Berlin).  Fox Trot and Song from ‘Music Box Revue 1925'.
Fox Trot by Broadway Dance Orchestra. Song by Charles Hart.
51457-R.  INDIAN LOVE CALL (Otto Harbach, Oscra Hammerstein II, Rudolf Frimi).  Ibid.

E012 c3 EDISON - TYPE (B)
50638-L (7031-C-5-15).  SAHARA (Jean Schwatz). Tenor with Orchestra. Bill Murray.
50638-R (7030-C-2-5).  YOU'D BE SURPRISED (Irving Berlin). Ibid.

E013 c3+ EDISON RECORD - TYPE (D)
51087-L (8653).  WHEN KNIGHTHOOD WAS IN FLOWER (Victor Herbert). Baritone and Soprano. J. Harold Murray and Elizabeth Spencer.
51087-R (8654).  THREE O'CLOCK IN THE MORNING (Julian Robiedo). Soprano and Tenor. Elizabeth Spencer and Charles Hart.

E014 c4 EDISON RECORD - TYPE (D)
51365-L (9583).  I'M GONNA BRING A WATER-MELON (TO MY GIRL TONIGHT) (Con Conrad). 
Billy Jones and Ernest Hare.
51365-R (9577) WHAT HAS BECOME OF HINKY PINKY PARLAY VOO (Al Dubin, Irving Mills, Jimmy McHugh, amd Irwin Dash).  Al Bernard and Chorus.

E015 c4 EDISON RECORD  - TYPE (D)
51037-L (1575).  LOVE SENDS A LITTLE GIFT OF ROSES (Openshaw, Bennet)
Ernest L. Steven's Trio. Saxophone, Banjo, Piano. Thrall, Herbaat and Stevens. Assisted by John Sorin.
51037-R (1576).  HOT LIPS (Busse, Lange, Davis).  Ibid. Chinese Block Interpolation by John Sorin.

E016 c4 EDISON RECORD - TYPE (E)
51274-L (9239).  YOU BETTER KEEP BABYING BABY (OR BABY'S GONNA BYE-BYE YOU)
(William Tracey, Jack Stanley).  Green Bros. Novelty Band.
51274-R (9244) JUST ONE MORE KISS (Leon Berger).  Fox Trot. Henry Lange's Parisian Dance Orchestra.

E017 c3+ EDISON RECORD - TYPE (E)
51540-L (10309) WHEN YOU AND I WERE SEVENTEEN (Gus Kahn, Chas. Resoff)
Waltz and Song. Waltz played by Polla's Clover Gardens Orchestra. Song by Charles Hart.
51540-R (10308) MOONLIGHT AND ROSES (BRING MEM'RIES OF YOU) (Ben Black, Neil Meret)
Fox Trot played by Polla's Clover Gardens Orchestra. Song by Helen Clark and Joseph Phillips.

E018 c2 EDISON - TYPE (B)
A7 (4150-A-6-63).  SERENADE (Schubert).  Tenor with Orchestra. Burton Lenihan.
(4321-C-6-64).  THE BELLS OF LEE (Stephen Adams). Contralto with Orchestra. Helen Clark.
[Note: Tiny catalog number (A7) on one side only under Edison's signature. Also, number 80803 stamped into the outer rim and indentation filled in white.]

E019 c3 EDISON RECORD - TYPE (E)
80816-L (10695) SOMETIME (Gus Kahn, Ted Florito). Whistling, violin, piano and celesta. Sibyl Sanderson and Fagan Ensemble.
80861-R (10694) HONEYMOON WALTZ (Ray Sherwood, Victor Arden).  Ibid.