Rust [R] lists an American company Starr Piano Comopany of Richmond, Indiana - I do not have an example of the American label but the Gothic script name is virtually identical to the labels shown here, so I shall make the assumption that there is a connection between the American company, the Canadian company as shown on the dark labels here, and the Australian label (in red). The American Starr was a vertical cut record, on a green label. This assumption is justified when it is realised that the American Starr changed its label to Gennett in 1917 - the Canadian labels have both Starr and Gennett script; the Australian label has only Starr. Rust [R] confirms the connection between the two north American labels.
Rust [R] further mentions that ,"As far as is known, there are no issues of ioutstanding interest on the American Starr label". He further mentions that the records were bulky and based on the Edisson Diamond Disc, specifically the vertical cut.
I would assume that because the Canadian labels shown were made after the introduction of Gennett in 1917, the vertical cut was replaced by the then accepted lateral cut.
Sutton [S] lists Starr of course, and notes that the company was founded by James Starr in 1872, manufacturing pianos. Henry Gennett joined the staff in 1893, and his sons Harry, Fred and Clarence subsequently became Starr executives. The record division was formed under the direction of the Gennett brothers, probably around 1914, with the Starr record label coming out in 1915. Sutton notes that it may well have been that the Gennett brothers bought out the Boston Talking Machine Company, which had gone belly-up with its Phono-Cut records. Sutton confirms of course that the Gennett label replaced the Starr label in 1917 (October), but there is no indication by Rust nor Sutton why this haappened - presumably the Gennett brother had taken over the Starr company. I read now from Sutton that the Canadian lateral cut records commenced in 1918. The Candian label was ‘later' taken over by Compo Company, and survived into the 1940s.
On the home front,
Starr is listed in Muiller [M' as another Clifford Industries pressing,
taken from Cameo and Gennett masters. Miller conforms that the records
were sold through the (Australian) Coles department stores, and had a catalog
numbers 700 to 751, at the time of around 1930. Note the Coles ‘C' emblem
on the label.
See also Gennett.
L128 c3+ STARR GENNETT
Starr Co. of Canada Limited. London, Ontario.
4292-A LOOK FOR THE SILVER LINING (Bud de Sylva,
Jerome Kern). From the Musical Play, 'Sally'.
Elizabeth Spencer - Lewis James. Soprano -
4292-B I'M A LITTLE NOBODY THAT NOBODY LOVES
Vaughn De Leath. Contralto with Rega Orchestra.
|Now here's an interesting
one. The one record has two different labels.
L159 c2 STARR
GENNETT Starr Co. Of Canada Limited, London, Ontario.