The Pathe label started
out in Paris in the 1890s as a result of a bistreo run by two brothers
of that name. They realised that a an Edison-type cylinder player would
be could in their bristro, so they made one in 1894, and called it Le Coq.
Despite its anglicised name, it worled well! The business expanded
into making cylinders, and Charles and Emile established a recording studio,
which expansded to several, in London, Milan and Moscow by 1906. Around
this time they moved into discs, using initially a vertical cut (like the
cylinders), and unconventional dissc sizes of 8½, 11 and 14 inch
discs running at 90 rpm, the groove ran from inside to outside, and using
a laarge ball-point stylus. There were no labels, the artist details being
etched into the record. As Rust [R] notes, ‘It almost seemed as if Pathe,
in its attempts to capture a large slice of the first phonograph boom,
was determined to be different even if it killed the company. (Which it
nearly did). In 1914, the Amercian branch of Pathe was established, andeventually
the company reverted to the conventional product, from around 1923 - with
a label of course. And there were several in the years to come - which
included the Actuelle (which lasted for seven years), and the Perfect label
launched in England in 1927. Even so, the vertical cut discs were continued
to be used, until November 1925. In September 1920, Pathe announced a ‘needle
cut' record for the Amwerican market, named Actuelle - a lateral cut disc.
A later label was named Perfect, which, incidentally, did not, later, acknowledge
its parentage as Pathe, being made by the Perfect Record Company of Brooklyn.
In 12927 it started to use electric recording techniques, and in 1928 Pathe
Phonograph and Radio Corporation merhed with Cameo Records. In the following
year, Amercian Record Corporation took over Pathe-Cameo. There was also
an English Pathe branch. The British branch was sold to Columbia in Deecember
All Pathe records
up till 1927 were first recorded
|Following - Two different labels. This example has the Pathe Disc label slightly disfigured by what was apparently another label, no doubt the Actuelle, pasted over. Thus the Actuelle label is probably a pasted on label over the original Pathe Disc laabel. Pathe Disc label indicated revolution of 80 rpm.]|
sc3 ACTUELLE Manufactured in England by Pathe Freres Pathephone Ltd.
10178 (N94293) MATE O' MINE (Elliott). George Glover. Baritone with Orchestra.
On reverse: PATHE DISC . No. 20709. THE SAILOR SIGHS AS SINKS HIS NATIVE SHORE (Balie)
Duet sung by Mme. Kirkby Lunn and Mr Ben Davies.
|O078 sc3 ACTUELLE
Manufactured in England by Pathe Freres Pathephone Ltd.
10893 (N70313). WHY DON'T MY DREAMS COME TRUE (Patten Flood). Max Terr and His Orchestra.
10893 (N105976). MIDNIGHT WALTZ (Kahn, Donaldson). Ibid. [Needle Cut]
L102 c3+ PATHE
Made in Australia by E.M.I. (Australia) Pty Ltd.
L12-010 PATHE FRERES PHONOGRAPH CO. New York, London. For U.S. Consumption Only.
L042 sc3 PERFECT
Product of American Records Corporation. Made in USA.